The world is keen on our dairy products, which is great for our economy – but what happens when we start culling the cows?

Although  global  trading patterns  are still recovering from the  Covid  pandemic, the  positive  outcome   for  New Zealand   is  that  it  has  strengthened  demand for  the  kind of foodstuffs we produce.

In particular  the   dairy  trade is booming  and  though  the current  production season is beginning to tail off, Fonterra’s latest global dairy auction showed  demand, far  from  falling off, is  still  very  strong,  with  prices  for  whole  milk  powder   51%  higher  than at the  level they were at  this time  last  season.

Dairy products are the country’s largest commodity export and Fonterra estimates milk payments to its 10,000 farmer suppliers for this season would contribute about $11.5 billion to the economy.

The  encouraging  factor   for those  producers  is  that  there  is  every sign  the   high prices  being  earned  at  present  will  be  sustained  into  the  next  season.

Last month, Fonterra raised its forecast milk price for this season to between $7.30 and $7.90 kg/MS, with a mid-point of $7.60.  Some  analysts  are   forecasting $7.70 for this season, ahead of Fonterra’s mid-point.For next season, the  forecasts  range between $7.30   and  $7.50.

While the global dairy trade price index slipped 0.1% from the previous auction a fortnight ago, prices for whole milk powder, which has the most impact on what farmers are paid, gained 0.4% to an average US$4097 (NZ$5713) a tonne.

What  may  be  an irritant  for  the  industry, currency  movements  are  taking  some  of the  gloss  off the  prices  being earned.

With the rising Kiwi currency, the latest auction brought overall prices -2.0% lower in NZ dollars. The key WMP and SMP prices were virtually unchanged in US dollars. The best performer was cheddar cheese, up +1.2% in US dollars but even that was not enough to record a gain in NZD.

The   strong  market  is largely driven by China where a wealthier population and an increased focus on health and wellbeing after the Covid-19 pandemic is stoking demand for better nutrition.

North Asian buyers were back in force, taking up their usual positions as the major buyer.

At the latest auction, 99% of the whole milk powder on offer was sold. There were slight  downward movements  with both of the cream group products. That was  attributed  in part to  the extra volume of butter on offer.

Fonterra  indicated previously it is producing more butter to take  advantage of the  high return for it. That was  sensible,  with butter topping $US5,100  a  tonne.

Given the  outstanding  work  of  the  dairy  industry,  how    will  the  government  react  when  it   comes to   deal  with  the  Climate Change Commission’s  proposal  to  cut  dairy cow  numbers  by  15%?

2 thoughts on “The world is keen on our dairy products, which is great for our economy – but what happens when we start culling the cows?

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