Māori are good students when they are afforded the proper opportunity to learn and their right to unbiased access to optimal education should be protected vigorously.
This firm belief is among the reasons why Professor Garth Cooper, DPhil (Oxon) DSc (Oxon) FRCPA FMedSci, joined six other University of Auckland professors and signed a letter, “In defence of science”, published in July last year by the New Zealand Listener. The signatories questioned proposals to include mātauranga Māori in the school science curriculum and to give it equal standing with Western/ Pakeha subjects such as physics, biology and chemistry.
The professors do not oppose the teaching of mātauranga Māori in anthropology, Māori studies, cultural studies, or similar social studies. They do challenge its being taught in the science curriculum.
Cooper and Professor Robert Nola have resigned both as members and as fellows of the Royal Society of New Zealand (as Point of Order reported on March 18) following the society’s decision not to formally proceed with a complaint against them as Fellows of the Society.
The complaint was laid after the publication of the letter In defence of science.
Robert Nola has explained why he resigned from the society.
Garth Cooper – who has Māori heritage and is described on the University of Auckland website as one of New Zealand’s foremost biological scientists and biotechnology entrepreneurs – explains here why he resigned …
Why did I resign from the Royal Society of New Zealand?
Garth J S Cooper DPhil (Oxon) DSc (Oxon) FRCPA FMedSci
My reasons for resigning from the Royal Society of New Zealand relate to its loss of understanding of its raison d’être; suppression of free speech; failure to properly support science and science education; untoward political focus of management and governance processes; and prolonged defamation of myself and Professors Michael Corballis (now sadly deceased) and Robert Nola, by certain of its authorities.
My concerns do not apply to the Fellowship but to other aspects of the Royal Society and I acknowledge all those Fellows who share the central belief that “Science is Science”. I am grateful for my time of service with the Royal Society Academy, for my many rewarding associations with members of the Fellowship, and for their substantive support throughout this process. Moreover, the Initial Investigatory Panel (IIP) established by Royal Society to examine the complaints against me and Professor Nola eventually recommended not to continue the investigation.
The events that in the end led me to resign followed on from my signing of the letter “In defence of science” (NZ Listener, 31 July 2021) along with six of my colleagues. Our combined expertise includes biology, biochemistry, psychology, education, philosophy of science, and medicine, and all of us are expert science educators and communicators.
I signed the letter to make clear, in a public forum, my opposition and deep concern about processes now under way in New Zealand that are evidently undermining literacy, numeracy, and science literacy, particularly amongst Māori children.
I have Maori heritage. For most children, a good education is often their best hope of improving their trajectory in life and I was raised in that belief. I did not experience anti-Māori bias. Real bias stems from the view that Māori can’t do things or participate fully in society because they’re Māori. Unfortunately, the partial substitution of mātauranga Maori for international format science education, perhaps unintendedly, is implying that limitation.
Much of my career has been focussed on kaupapa (Māori agenda) research and teaching aimed at improving Māori health care delivery and Māori science education, on marae and in hospital and medical school settings. That focus has been literal – personally designing, writing, and executing novel and successful programmes in both Māori health and education. As part of my commitment to these objectives, I served on the national Health Research Council, including six years’ service on Te Komiti Māori with further years advising on Māori health development.
While treating many Māori in diabetes clinics, I turned my focus to kaupapa diabetes research, since this disease is a leading cause of disability and death amongst Māori. Inter alia, this work entailed visiting marae throughout the country to inform and seek endorsement of iwi.
With much dismay, I have been witnessing a recent profound undermining of the meaning of science in New Zealand, now under way with the introduction of mātauranga Māori education as having parity with sciences including mathematics, chemistry, biology, and physics. Mātauranga Māori should be taught, as we stated in our letter, but not as part of the national science curriculum.
An NCEA working group referred to science as a “Western European invention”. We strongly objected to that particular characterisation since science is universal. One recent extreme of some astonishing views being introduced, for example, claims that “to insist Māori children learn to read is an act of colonisation”).
Our letter also spoke against the NCEA report’s divisive suggestion that the colonising damage purportedly caused by science be taught nationally in schools as part of the NCEA curriculum. The particular view that underlies this problem originates, at least in part, with the concept that the New Zealand education system is a colonising force that needs to be ‘decolonised’ – these radical and divisive views promoted by some are fundamentally antithetical to educational achievement and opportunity, more especially for Māori.
I have remained largely silent throughout the prolonged, conflicted, and defamatory Royal Society management behaviours against us arising from our widely endorsed letter ‘In defence of science’. As a past member of the Royal Society Academy, I had hoped that its overseers would in time come to understand that the role of Royal Society has always been to protect good science and its servants, the scientists – that their role was not to support the redefinition of science itself.
Nor are those who currently guide and manage the Royal Society absolved from their responsibility for condemning my, and my colleagues’ rights – and indeed obligations – to speak from our considerable individual and collective knowledge of accepted scientific processes, knowledge, and understanding. They should understand the fundamental requirement that all New Zealanders have the right to have an acceptable education based on sound principles of literacy, numeracy, and science literacy.
The quality of science education must be a central concern of Royal Society. A key function of the society under section 6 of the Royal Society of New Zealand Act 1997 is
“… the advancement of science and technology education” (note that this does not include the advancement of humanities education).
The inherent bias against students in suggesting that rather than a sound grounding in mathematics, biology, chemistry and physics, there is to be parity with non-scientific systems such as mātauranga Māori, will be massively counterproductive for all students, but especially biased against Māori.
Māori are good students when they are afforded the proper opportunity to learn, and I have specific knowledge and experience of this based on my past formal roles in Maori education. Their right to unbiased access to optimal education if they wish, should be protected vigorously.
6 thoughts on “Garth Cooper’s reasons for resigning from the Royal Society – they include his stance on science education for Māori”
This is the most extraordinary and damaging part of an extraordinary and damaging saga whereby a small coterie of political activists, in the form of the Labour Cabinet, are undermining New Zealand society. If this separatist policy is their belief then they should put it to the electorate. In the meantime the Royal Society of NZ should be disbanded.
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It’s so sad that a small bunch of racist radicals can so easily destroy a respected Society.
For a person such as this to go through such an ordeal for defending the true spirit of the scientific community is an absolute travesty. We (New Zealand) are going to become a laughing stock in the world. We will lose all integrety and all respect just as any scientific community which moves to religious or race based mumbo-jumbo instead of true scientific process.
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NZ took the first step to becoming a laughing stock when we diverted a highway to protect a taniwha in a swamp, several/many years ago now. Habeus corpus the taniwha.
We are on the same dangerous slope as the US where some states are pushing creationism (belief) over evolution (science).
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100% support for Garth Cooper’s principled stand.
Steve Saunders D Phil
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What’s a “Maori”?
I think if you feel like a Maori, that’s enough, you are one.